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Properties of Solevent at 25C
Name MW(g/mol) density(g/ml) boiling point(C) freezing point(C) vapor pressure(mmHg) solubility in water viscosity(cP) safety data
acetic acid, C2H4O2 60.05 1.049 118 16.6 15.7 miscible 1.13
acetone, C3H6O 58.08 0.786 56.2 -94.3 231 miscible 0.3029
acetonitrile, C2H3N 41.05 0.786 81.6 -46 88.8 miscible 0.38 (15C)
benzene, C6H6 78.11 0.879 80.1 5.5 95.2 0.18 0.6028
1-butanol, C4H10O 74.12 0.81 117.6 -89.5 6.7 6.3 2.571 (20C)
2-butanol, C4H10O 74.12 0.808 98 -115 18.3 15 2.998 (20C)
2-butanone, C4H8O 74.11 0.805 79.6 -86.3 95.3 25.6 0.378 (20C)
t-butyl alcohol, C4H10O 74.12 0.786 82.2 25.5 miscible
carbon tetrachloride, CCl4 153.82 1.594 76.7 -22.4 115 0.08 26.13 (20C)
chlorobenzene, C6H5Cl 112.56 1.1066 131.7 -45.6 0.05
chloroform, CHCl3 119.38 1.498 61.7 -63.7 197 0.795 0.5357 (20C)
cyclohexane, C6H12 84.16 0.779 80.7 6.6 <0.1
1,2-dichloroethane, C2H4Cl2 98.96 1.245 83.5 -35.3 0.861
diethyl ether, C4H10O 74.12 0.713 34.6 -116.3 7.5
diethylene glycol, C4H10O3 106.12 1.118 245 -10 0.00783 10 38.5
diglyme, C6H14O3 134.17 0.943 162 -68 miscible
1,2-dimethoxy-ethane (DME), C4H10O2 90.12 0.868 85 -58 miscible
dimethylether, C2H6O 46.07 n/a -22 -138.5 n/a
dimethyl-formamide (DMF), C3H7NO 73.09 0.944 153 -61 miscible
dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), C2H6OS 78.13 1.092 189 18.4 25.3
dioxane, C4H8O2 88.11 1.033 101.1 11.8 miscible
ethanol, C2H6O 46.07 0.789 78.5 -114.1 43.9 (20C) miscible 1.1
ethyl acetate, C4H8O2 88.11 0.895 77 -83.6 93.7 8.7 0.426 (20C)
ethylene glycol, C2H6O2 62.07 1.115 195 -13 0.092 miscible 13.76
glycerine, C3H8O3 92.09 1.261 290 17.8 miscible
heptane, C7H16 100.20 0.684 98 -90.6 45.7 0.01 0.397 (20C)
Hexamethylphosphoramide (HMPA), C6H18N3OP 179.2 1.03 232.5 7.2 miscible
Hexamethylphosphorous triamide (HMPT), C6H18N3P 163.2 0.898 150 -44 miscible
hexane, C6H14 86.18 0.659 69 -95 0.014
methanol, CH4O 32.04 0.791 64.6 -98 127 miscible 0.5513 (20C)
methyl t-butyl ether (MTBE), C5H12O 88.15 0.741 55.2 -109 249 0.34 (20C)
methylene chloride, CH2Cl2 84.93 1.326 39.8 -96.7 1.32
NMP, C5H9NO 99.13 1.033 202 -24 10
nitromethane, CH3NO2 61.04 1.382 101.2 -29 9.5
pentane, C5H12 72.15 0.626 36.1 -129.7 512.5 0.04 0.225 (20C)
1-propanol, C3H8O 88.15 0.803 97 -126 21 miscible 1.943 (20C)
2-propanol, C3H8O 88.15 0.785 82.4 -88.5 miscible
pyridine, C5H5N 79.10 0.982 115.2 -41.6
tetrahydrofuran (THF), C4H8O 72.11 0.886 66 -108.4 162 30 0.460
toluene, C7H8 92.14 0.867 110.6 -93 28.4 0.05 0.5525 (20C)
triethyl amine, C6H15N 101.19 0.728 88.9 -114.7 57.1 0.02 0.363 (20C)
water, H2O 18.02 0.998 100 0.00 1.0 (20C)
water, D2O 20.03 1.107 101.3 4 miscible
o-xylene, C8H10 106.17 0.897 144 -25.2 6.6 insoluble 0.756 (20C)
m-xylene, C8H10 106.17 0.867 139.1 -47.8 8.3 insoluble 0.581 (20C)
p-xylene, C8H10 106.17 0.861 138.4 13.3 8.7 insoluble 0.605 (20C)

References: ACS Oragnic division, CRC handbook of chemistry and physics, 71st edition; NCMS ;

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